In reference to: Personality awareness: The key skill to dealing with high-conflict people
The article is about five types of high-conflict person (HCP). These five types are narcissist, borderline, sociopath, histrionic and paranoiac. Interesting article and book, not sure on all the data in regards to scientific methods etc., but for creating a character it is a great source. So take the links and video in the vein of needing to flesh out a fictional character and these are insights. For anything medical always consult a professional in the field.
The 5 types as dictionary/wiki defines them:
Narcissists: is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one’s own attributes. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narcissism)
Psychoanalysis. a person who suffers from narcissism, deriving erotic gratification from admiration of his or her own physical or mental attributes. (http://www.dictionary.com/browse/narcissist)
Borderline: is a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by unstable relationships with other people, unstable sense of self, and unstable emotions. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borderline_personality_disorder)
Sociopath: a person with a psychopathic personality whose behavior is antisocial, often criminal, and who lacks a sense of moral responsibility or social conscience (http://www.dictionary.com/browse/sociopath?s=t)
Histrionic: deliberately affected or self-consciously emotional; overly dramatic, in behavior or speech (http://www.dictionary.com/browse/histrionic?s=t)
Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) is defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of excessive attention-seeking emotions, usually beginning in early adulthood, including inappropriately seductive behavior and an excessive need for approval (
Paranoiac: a person suffering from paranoia (http://www.dictionary.com/browse/paranoiac?s=t)
Paranoia is an instinct or thought process believed to be heavily influenced by anxiety or fear, often to the point of delusion and irrationality (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paranoia)
Now in looking up these five types I saw a few interesting facts that I want to list
Histrionics: I see this word used often in some form. Usually when someone raises their voice in objection to another’s opinion, the “victim” will immediately deflect by called out the pother person as being hysterical, using histrionics, etc. In actually this apparently only affects 2–3% of the general population. (DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and while 2/3 are women, there is grounds to debate if women are being overly associated or misdiagnosed with this condition. (https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/74cc/0e0c7579a914c66173bc9e5f05fefc3c09e4.pdf)
So that is interesting in itself when using the word to describe someone, are they actually or is it just over dramatizing the person by using that word.
Sociopath is another word I see way too often, especially lately. Everyone it seems is a sociopath. Apparently real doctors do not use that word. Instead they say antisocial personality disorder. But for writing one can be more lax. So when you character calls another a sociopath, just what does she/he mean? A sociopath has a weak conscience, knows it is wrong, may feel guilt, but hey that is life. I think most of the time people are referring to a selfish act, which could be part of the sociopath trademark or just selfish. So is your character really a sociopath, and if so what makes them that way? Fun things to think when we use words in a story, are they correct or how to make them fit the pattern.
Just for fun adding in psychopath. What is this: a person with a psychopathic personality, which manifests as amoral and antisocial behavior, lack of ability to love or establish meaningful personal relationships, extreme egocentricity, failure to learn from experience, etc. (http://www.dictionary.com/browse/psychopath) This is another word we see used often. But are they all those serial cold blooded killers we see portrayed on one televised criminal fictional show after another. Not really, these guys know who to work the system. They know how to show empathy, how to lie to their advantage, they research about their prey and use that research. They can be charming, delightful to be around… however they are facades of their true selves. So when building your character look at a few ideas and go away from the traditional stereotyped out serial maniacal killer, while they are scary what is scarier the one you trusted.
Here are a couple previous posts I have done on similar ideas
Psychopath: Research Links
More links: as I stated before for medical real life consult a professional expertise rather than the internet
10 reasons it’s difficult to spot narcissists and psychopaths — and how they use these to hide in plain sight
9 Clues That You May Be Dealing With a Psychopath
Life as a Nonviolent Psychopath
Can You Call a 9-Year-Old a Psychopath?
Sociopath vs. Psychopath: What’s the Difference?
Into the Mind of a Psychopath
How to Spot a Sociopath in 3 Steps
10 Signs You Might Be Dating A Sociopath
The Sociopath Next Door
9 Ways to Spot a Sociopath
Dealing With Defensiveness in High Conflict People
Are You a Target of Blame for a Borderline Personality?
Lines from the Border
High Conflict Personality